Space Texas mountain laurel saplings 10 to 12 feet apart, and water regularly during the first year so that the soil is constantly moist but never sodden. Then, water every 4-7 days for the first year. Texas Mountain Laurel Sophora Secundiflora. Also known as mescal bean, this small, slow-growing tree is drought tolerant and thrives in rocky, limestone soils. Prune Texas mountain laurel in the winter if you plan to grow it as a tree rather than a shrub by removing any unwanted trunks at ground level. Mountain Laurel Winter Care You can prevent mountain laurel winter injury with just a little effort. Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora), also known as mescal bean, is an attractive evergreen shrub that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. The Texas Mountain Laurel is an evergreen native tree that is quite drought tolerant, once established. Monitor Texas mountain laurel trees for problems with common insect pests such as borers and Uresiphita reversalis caterpillars. In addition, provide a little … Mature Size: Up to 25 feet tall. Texas mountain laurel is a very hardy plant that requires little care, making it a perfect choice for novice and experienced gardeners alike. Writing professionally since 2008, Michelle Miley specializes in home and garden topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces. Water lightly as needed during prolonged dry periods; Texas mountain laurel is highly heat and drought tolerant but will need occasional attention if it starts to look droopy during drought. Apply the first fertilizer application in the early spring, before new growth is observed; apply the second fertilizer application in the early summer. It has beautiful spring blooms, and its elliptical, glossy deep-green leaves (resembling those of rhododendrons) and gnarled stems make it attractive in all seasons. Commonly grown as a shrub, it also can be pruned into a small tree. Never prune … Store seeds in a cool, dry place until they are ready for planting. The aroma from these blooms is quite pleasant and is very similar to the smell of the artificial grape flavoring found in drinks and gums. Moon Valley Nurseries. Texas mountain laurels produce seedpods that contain poisonous red berries, which can cause hallucinations when ingested. Although it can survive on annual rainfall, supplemental irrigation is usually required in central and southern Arizona. Use a pair of sharpened and sterilized pruning shears or loppers to make a clean pruning cut just outside of the branch's collar. Water in thoroughly after transplanting to settle the soil around the root system. They’ll do well in clay, loam, and sand, and will tolerate being planted in or near turf. Rub seeds against sand paper or cut an “x” into them with a sharp knife to scarify the hard shell, then plant them in a pot to propagate. Texas mountain laurel grows to a height of 15 to 25 feet. The classic rule on pruning is … However, it’s a very popular landscape specimen can be used in both Blackland clays and sandy soils. They bloom in Southwest zones in early spring and their flowers are deep blue to purple. Mature mountain laurels do not transplant well. Houseplants / Ornamental / Shrubs / / 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos) 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos) ... Texas Mountain Laurel. Likewise, when planting the laurel, you should ensure that it has soil that drains properly and does … “They have black and white dots on their body, and they have these little spiky hairs that come off. For instance, a #15 Texas Mountain Laurel will be very short…perhaps 4 feet tall. Get a head start by planting as large of a specimen as you can find. Texas Mountain Laurel usually bloom in March, and the blooming period may last 3-4 weeks. If you prune off caterpillar-infested branches, you may lose some of the shape or blooms for a while. Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora) If you’ve recently caught a whiff of something grape-flavored (mmmmm…) while walking your dog, riding your bike, or taking your mail to the box, you smelled Texas mountain laurel. Texas Mountain Laurels are not bothered by many pests; however, the Genista moth larvae can decimate the foliage on a full-grown tree in a few days. Positive. This slow growing evergreen may be grown as a medium to large shrub or trained to a single or multi-trunk tree. Texas mountain laurel, known botanically as Sophora secundiflora, is an ornamental evergreen tree that is native to North America. She has lectured on tree care and the horticultural arts at places like Bayou Bend, River Oaks Garden Club, and Houston Garden Club. Moon Valley Nurseries has a great selection of Texas Mountain Laurel trees that are grown only from our best specimens. Remove any dead or damaged limbs at the same time. CARE Thrives in average to lean, loose, fast-draining, slightly alkaline soil with gravel mulch. Avoid over-watering, as this is more likely to damage the plant than under-watering. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates seasonal drought. I purchased a Texas Mountain Laurel. Prune your Texas mountain laurel trees only when it is necessary to remove diseased, damaged or dead branches and foliage. The tree is prized for its drought-resistance and glossy, dark-green foliage. Why is this tree not fluorishing? That said, there are always exceptions to the rules. “They’re going to be usually a yellowish but sometimes a yellowish green,” she says. Bt has a short residual time on a plant, so it may be necessary to spray repeatedly to destroy an infestation. These evergreen shrubs have glossy green leaves of about 5inches in length. In early spring and middle of the fall, the freshest growth is defoliated by these caterpillars which form a silk-like tent around the ends of the branches. First, be sure the plants are as healthy as possible by planting them in a site with some shade and some sun in well-draining, acidic soil. Shiny evergreen leaves and drooping clusters of lavender flowers make Texas mountain laurel popular in warm regions. It is a gift for my neighbor and I planted it at a western exposure with one drip. Texas mountain laurel grows in limestone soils in Central and Southwest Texas and to 5000 feet in the Chisos and Davis Mountains. The hole and dirt were adequate to directions. Despite its lavish beauty, caring for your Texas mountain laurel is simple. It does best when planted in full sun locations and given deep, regular irrigations. Suzanne Longley, ... she is well qualified to advise her nursery clients on how her trees and roses work in Texas landscapes. If the tree is far under these standards, you may not be getting what you paid for. So there you have the story of a native Texas plant with the inappropriate name of Mountain Laurel making it big in landscapes. Insecticides containing Spinosad formulations are useful for larger caterpillars o… Use 2 level cups for a Texas mountain laurel with a 1-inch-trunk diameter. Texas mountain laurel is a very hardy plant that requires little care, making it a perfect choice for novice and experienced gardeners alike. Houston Chronicle: How Should I Prune My Texas Mountain Laurel? Texas mountain laurel trees usually perform best when watered just once a month. When applying fertilizer, spread it carefully over the soil, keeping it away from the trunk. Growing the Texas Mountain Laurel in Mesa, AZ – These desert tress love full sun and a soil that is rocky and chalked with limestone. It’s glossy, dark […] Start a new Texas mountain laurel tree from seed. Whether you are digging up an existing mountain laurel to replant in a different space or buying one from a nursery, make sure it is less than 2-1/2 feet in height. Glossy dark leaves up to 5 inches long are divided into seven to nine 1-inch rounded leaflets. When pruning, keep in mind that Texas mountain laurels are slow-growing trees and that blooms will only appear on wood that is over a year old. The seeds are red, about one-half inch in length and cased inside a silvery gray pod which opens after the plant flowers. The Texas Mountain Laurel, Sophora secundiflora, is an excellent landscaping shrub. In south-central Texas, mountain laurel is commonly found on well-drained Hill Country limestone. Water Texas mountain laurel trees infrequently to prevent the soil around them from drying out completely. Learn more about Moon Valley Nurseries trees and best practices for outstanding plant performance. The Texas Mountain Laurel is a host plant for gentista broom moth caterpillars. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! At the first sight of caterpillars (when they are still small), use a foliar spray of Bt – Bacillus thurengiensis. The Texas mountain laurel is a small evergreen tree that matures between 15 to 25 feet tall with a 10 to 12 foot spread. Texas mountain laurel, known botanically as Sophora secundiflora, is an ornamental evergreen tree that is native to North America. For best results, fertilize the tree with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer according to label directions. Fertilize the plant twice each growing season to ensure a growth rate of up to 2 feet per year. Texas Mountain Laurel – Elgin Nursery & Tree Farm: Phoenix, AZ. Foliage is an attractive dark green color and large, purple flowers reminiscent of wisteria bloom from February to April. Young trees benefit from afternoon shade in hot climates. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension: Sophora Secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel). Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w-----How to Grow a Texas Mountain Laurel Tree. Texas mountain laurel; Texas persimmon; About Us. The Texas Mountain Laurel blooms in spring and displays dense clusters of … Although slow-growing and difficult to transplant, mountain laurel is one of the best small trees for any landscape. Water regularly during first few growing seasons to establish the root system. It requires little care and is very hearty. Tree is about two feet high. Texas Mountain Laurel is exceptionally hardy, tolerates arid climates, and requires very little maintenance. Some people find the fragrance overwhelming. Treat affected trees with an insecticidal spray if necessary to restore their health. Water Texas mountain laurel trees infrequently to prevent the soil around them from drying out completely. While this is a slow growing plant, they eventually can grow up to 35-feet tall; however you typically find them in the 15-foot range in urban environments. This shade-loving shrub produces clusters of rose, pink, or white flowers with purple markings in late May to early June. Scientific Name: Sophora secundiflora. I have given additional water in the first few weeks. Make a circular dam around the hole (this makes watering easier). This slow growing evergreen may be grown as a medium to large shrub or trained to a single or multi-trunk tree. Collect the seedpods when they fall from your tree. Decide on where to plant your mountain laurel. Fertilize with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer in the spring. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Sophora Secundiflora (Ortega), Fine Gardening: Sophora Secundiflora (Mescal Bean, Texas Mountain Laurel), North Carolina State University: Overcoming Seed Dormancy: Trees and Shrubs, San Antonio Express News: Texas Mountain Laurel. Her essays have been used on college entrance exams and she has more than 4,000 publishing credits. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sunset Western Garden Book; Editors of Sunset Magazine. Fertilize the plant twice each growing season to ensure a growth rate of up to 2 feet per year. Note that it may take up to a year for the seeds to germinate and sprout. How to Grow Japanese Magnolia in Containers. Wizzie Brown, an insect specialist with the Texas A&M Agrilife Extension Office, says genista caterpillars are easy to spot on your blooming Texas mountain laurel plants. Seeds with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer according to label directions marketing pieces best offers for your Texas mountain (! 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